The 19-year-old has been in hospital since his arrest a week ago.
U.S. Marshals Service spokesman Drew Wade said the ethnic Chechen was transported from Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and “is now confined at the Bureau of Prisons facility FMC Devens at Ft. Devens, Mass.”
Dzhokhar and his older brother, 26-year-old Tamerlan, were declared wanted for the April 15 bombing, which claimed three lives and left 264 injured on Boylston street, the venue of the Boston Marathon.
Tamerlan was killed in a shootout after the pair reportedly engaged security forces in a heated gun battle in Watertown.
Dzhokhar was captured hours later, hiding in a boat in a resident’s backyard.
He has been in hospital receiving treatments for injuries he sustained at the time of his arrest. The prison in Ft. Devens, 39 miles from Boston, specializes in inmates who need long-term medical or mental health care.
It currently holds about 1,000 prisoners, Reuters reports.
Dzhokhar faces the death penalty if convicted of the bombing.